The country voted for parliament again on 26 October 2014, The French derivative Tunisie was adopted in some European languages with slight modifications, introducing a distinctive name to designate the country.
Other languages remained untouched, such as the Russian Farming methods reached the Nile Valley from the Fertile Crescent region about 5000 BC, and spread to the Maghreb by about 4000 BC.
In ancient times, Tunisia was primarily inhabited by Berbers.
Phoenician immigration began in the 12th century BC; these immigrants founded Carthage.
It is considered to be the only fully democratic sovereign state in the Arab world.
It has an association agreement with the European Union; is a member of La Francophonie, the Union for the Mediterranean, the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa, the Arab Maghreb Union, the Arab League, the OIC, the Greater Arab Free Trade Area, the Community of Sahel-Saharan States, the African Union, the Non-Aligned Movement, the Group of 77; and has obtained the status of major non-NATO ally of the United States.
In 2011, the Tunisian Revolution resulted in the overthrow of President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali, followed by parliamentary elections.
Its coast was settled by Phoenicians starting as early as the 12th century BC (Bizerte, Utica).
The city of Carthage was founded in the 9th century BC by Phoenicians.
Tanit's symbol, a simple female figure with extended arms and long dress, is a popular icon found in ancient sites.
The founders of Carthage also established a Tophet, which was altered in Roman times.
Agricultural communities in the humid coastal plains of central Tunisia then were ancestors of today's Berber tribes.