Laws regarding promptly updating medical records
21 CFR, Part 21Unless specific rules and regulations govern the privacy practices of a public health authority receiving your information, the only privacy protection built into public health reporting is the standard.
In other words, covered entities are supposed to limit the information they disclose to public health authorities to the minimum amount necessary to accomplish the public health purpose. § 139 w-4(o)(1)(A)(i)This information may include laboratory, immunization, and syndromic surveillance reports.
Alternatively, there are many situations where health privacy or other privacy laws will not apply.
This guide covers some of the less obvious protected and unprotected uses of medical information, including:2.
Medical information collected for public health purposes The primary federal law that protects the privacy of medical information is the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA).
In California, the Confidentiality of Medical Information Act (CMIA) offers additional protections.
Public health authorities (such as the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the Food and Drug Administration, and your state and local health departments) and other government agencies (such as law enforcement) monitor disease and health safety issues. However, medical information can circulate well beyond treatment while still falling within the protection of the law. It's common to think about your medical information only within the context of your own health care.The CDC website has more information on the National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System, which enables public health agencies that range from local to international to share what’s reported about notifiable diseases.
This helps public health officials to monitor, and ideally, to prevent the spread of diseases in this category.
They also intervene on behalf of the public in certain situations, for example, epidemics, outbreaks of food-related illness, and natural disasters. Mandatory reporting There are times when health care providers are required by law to report health and medical information.