Explain carbon 14 radioactive dating updating schedule information retrieving busy information from server

23-Dec-2019 07:09

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(credit: Butko, Wikimedia Commons) Carbon-11 has a half-life of 20.334 min. If 1 kg of carbon-11 sample exists at the beginning of an hour, (b) how much material will remain at the end of the hour and (c) what will be the decay activity at that time?

(a) The decay constant shows that 0.0568 percent of the nuclei in a carbon-11 sample will decay each second.

Carbon-14 has an abundance of 1.3 parts per trillion of normal carbon, so if you know the number of carbon nuclei in an object (perhaps determined by mass and Avogadro’s number), you can multiply that number by in an artifact, such as mummy wrappings, with the normal abundance in living tissue, it is possible to determine the artifact’s age (or time since death).

The relatively short-lived C taken into organic matter is also slightly variable. However, under about 20,000 years the results can be compared with dendrochronology, based on tree rings.

For the most accurate work, variations are compensated by means of calibration curves.

The method was developed by Willard Libby and his colleagues at the University of Chicago in 1949.

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In 1960, he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for this work.

), the number decreases to half of its original value.