Early elucidating language logic philosophy tractatus wittgensteins
It is the later Wittgenstein, mostly recognized in the , who took the more revolutionary step in critiquing all of traditional philosophy including its climax in his own early work.
The nature of his new philosophy is heralded as anti-systematic through and through, yet still conducive to genuine philosophical understanding of traditional problems.
The states of affairs which do exist could have been otherwise.
This means that states of affairs are either actual (existent) or possible.
During his years in Cambridge, from 1911 to 1913, Wittgenstein conducted several conversations on philosophy and the foundations of logic with Russell, with whom he had an emotional and intense relationship, as well as with Moore and Keynes.
Within one year, Russell was committed: “I shall certainly encourage him. I love him and feel he will solve the problems I am too old to solve” (quoted by Monk 1990: 41). Wittgenstein was idiosyncratic in his habits and way of life, yet profoundly acute in his philosophical sensitivity.Considered by some to be the greatest philosopher of the 20th century, Ludwig Wittgenstein played a central, if controversial, role in 20th-century analytic philosophy.He continues to influence current philosophical thought in topics as diverse as logic and language, perception and intention, ethics and religion, aesthetics and culture.The move to thought, and thereafter to language, is perpetrated with the use of Wittgenstein’s famous idea that thoughts, and propositions, are pictures—“the picture is a model of reality” ( 2.12).
Pictures are made up of elements that together constitute the picture.That is to say, an object’s internal properties determine the possibilities of its combination with other objects; this is its logical form.