Dating sutras Free adult chat rooms for sex no registration
The Pali canon was preserved in Sri Lanka where it was first written down in the first century BCE and the Theravadan Pali textual tradition developed there.
The Sri Lankan Pali tradition developed extensive commentaries (Atthakatha) as well as sub-commentaries for the Pali Canon as well as treatises on Abhidhamma.
Doctrinal elaborations were preserved in Abhidharma works and later Karikas (verse expositions).
As Buddhism spread geographically, these texts were translated into the local language, such as Chinese and Tibetan.
The earliest known Buddhist manuscripts, recovered from the ancient civilization of Gandhara in north central Pakistan (near Taxila just south west of the capital Islamabad) are dated to the 1st century and constitute the Buddhist textual tradition of Gandharan Buddhism which was an important link between Indian and East Asian Buddhism.
After the rise of the Kushans in India, Sanskrit was also widely used to record Buddhist texts.
In East Asian Buddhism, what is considered buddhavacana is collected in the Chinese Buddhist canon.
The Mahayana sutras are traditionally considered by Mahayanists to be the word of the Buddha, but transmitted either in secret, via lineages of supernatural beings (such as the nagas), or revealed directly from other Buddhas or bodhisattvas.
Some 600 Mahayana Sutras have survived in Sanskrit, or in Chinese and/or Tibetan translation.
The Garbhāvakrānti Sūtra is included in both the Vinaya Pitaka of the Mulasarvastivada, one of the early schools, and the Ratnakuta, a standard collection of Mahayana sutras.
Some Mahayana texts are also thought to display a distinctly tantric character, particularly some of the shorter Perfection of Wisdom sutras.For instance, there are so-called proto-Mahayana texts, such as the Ajitasena Sutra, which are missing key features that are associated with Mahayana texts.