Dating japy freres clocks
The son of Jacques Japy (1699-1781) and Marie Marguerite Fainot (1745-1797), Frédéric Japy was born on May 22, 1749 at Beaucourt , a small village at the end of the principality of Montbéliard.
He was the second born of a large family of twelve children.
Jacques Japy thus placed his son in French school or "gymnasium" where he received an excellent education.
Frédéric Japy was apprenticed by Jacques Georges Frédéric Japy, his grandfather, in the profession of watchmaker in Montbeliard.
In the 1930's, Japy Frères decided to 'reinvent' themselves to appeal to a wider market and they produced several models with tin casings and in various geometrical styles.
Unfortunately they were competing with names such as Jaz and Blangy in that segment of the market and sales were rather limited.
One of the wealthiest families in Beaucourt ,the father of Frédéric Japy, Jacques, was a major player in the village and, in 1760,he became the Protestant mayor Beaucourt. From childhood, he was introduced to craft activitiesand learned to live in a structured and supportive business environment.
Japy then imagined other applications (and invented the machines required to produce them) such as the mass production of hardware parts (screws, nails, bolts) and other products - rotating pumps (a model still in use today), locks, and he perfected the creation and baking of enamelware.
Frederic Japy purchased some of few clock making machines in existence, brought them back to his native town of Beaucourt and proceeded to invent new ones in order to standardize the pieces and and each one was assigned to a specific work post with its own specific machine.
Frederic Japy radically changed the way clocks were produced.
As with most French clockmakers, WWII basically decimated them.
There are so many JAPY clocks still around because Frédéric Japy (1749-1812) was a pioneer in the industrialization of not only clocks, but of manufacturing in general.Village of Beaucourt At that time, watch and clock parts were manufactured usually by hand by specialized workers in their homes in small communities.