Dating furniture 20th century
Openwork in carved wood or other techniques is very typical for practical purposes such as chair-backs, and also for decoration.
The Ming period is regarded as the "golden age" of Chinese furniture, though very few examples of earlier pieces survive.
Use of thick lacquer finish and detailed engraving and painted decoration as well as pragmatic design elements would continue to flourish. Woods which have a finely patterned, high contrast grain that is similar to the feathers of certain birds, such as chickens and partridges.
Significant foreign design influence would not be felt until increased contact with the West began in the 19th century, due to efforts on the part of the ruling elite to limit trade. The wood is taken typically from Millettia laurentii (非洲崖豆木), Millettia leucantha (白花崖豆木), Ormosia hosiei(相思木), and either Senna siamea or Mesua ferrea (鐵力木) Furniture and carving made from these woods are typically referred to, in the market, as "hongmu furniture" (紅木家具, literally "rosewood furniture").
based on frame and panel, yoke and rack (based on post and rail seen in architecture) and bamboo construction techniques.
Chinese home furniture evolved independently of Western furniture into many similar forms including chairs, tables, stools, cupboards, cabinets, beds and sofas.
Until about the 10th century CE the Chinese sat on mats or low platforms using low tables, in typical Asian style, but then gradually moved to using high tables with chairs.
The use of denser wood led to much finer work, including more elaborate joinery. Construction of traditional wooden Chinese furniture is based primarily of solid wood pieces connected solely using woodworking joints, and rarely using glue or metallic nails.From the Qing dynasty furniture made for export, mostly to Europe, became a distinct style, generally made in rather different shapes to suit the destination markets and highly decorated in lacquer and other techniques.